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建设工程总监、专监、监理员看完这50个内容,胜读20本规范(专业技术篇)

文章出处:网责任编辑:作者:人气:-发表时间:2019-06-11 14:14:00【

 

监理理论部分
1、施工组织设计和专项施工方案审查的基本内容

SHIGONGZUZHISHEJI:

1BIANSHENCHENGXUYINGFUHEXIANGGUANGUIDING;

2SHIGONGJINDU、SHIGONGFANGANJIGONGCHENGZHILIANGBAOZHENGCUOSHIYINGFUHESHIGONGHETONGYAOQIU;

天马彩票3ZIYUAN(ZIJIN、LAODONGLI、CAILIAO、SHEBEI)GONGYINGJIHUAYINGMANZUGONGCHENGSHIGONGXUYAO;

4ANQUANJISHUCUOSHIYINGFUHEGONGCHENGJIANSHEQIANGZHIXINGBIAOZHUN;

5SHIGONGZONGPINGMIANBUZHIYINGKEXUEHELI。

6SHENCHASHIGONGZUZHISHEJIZHONGDESHENGCHANANQUANSHIGUYINGJIYUAN,ZHONGDIANSHENCHAYINGJIZUZHITIXI、XIANGGUANRENYUANZHIZE、YUJINGYUFANGZHIDU、YINGJIJIUYUANCUOSHI。

ZHUANXIANGSHIGONGFANGAN:

1 BIANSHENCHENGXUYINGFUHEXIANGGUANGUIDING;

2ANQUANJISHUCUOSHIYINGFUHEGONGCHENGJIANSHEQIANGZHIXINGBIAOZHUN。

 

2、项目监理机构在安全方面应重点检查施工单位哪些内容?

1.SHIGONGDANWEIXIANCHANGANQUANSHENGCHANGUIZHANGZHIDUDEJIANLIHELUOSHIQINGKUANG;

天马彩票2.SHIGONGDANWEIANQUANSHENGCHANXUKEZHENGJISHIGONGDANWEIXIANGMUJINGLIZIGEZHENG、ZHUANZHIANQUANSHENGCHANGUANLIRENYUANSHANGGANGZHENGHETEZHONGZUOYERENYUANCAOZUOZHENG;

3.SHIGONGJIXIEHESHESHIDEANQUANXUKEYANSHOUSHOUXU;

4SHENCHASHIGONGDANWEIBAOSHENDEZHUANXIANGFANGAN;

5.DINGQIXUNSHIJIANCHAWEIXIANXINGJIAODADEFENBUFENXIANGGONGCHENGSHIGONGZUOYEQINGKUANG。

 

3、工程开工应同时具备哪些条件?

天马彩票1SHEJIJIAODIHETUZHIHUISHENYIWANCHENG;

2SHIGONGZUZHISHEJIYIYOUZONGJIANLIGONGCHENGSHIQIANREN;

天马彩票3SHIGONGDANWEIXIANCHANGZHILIANG、ANQUANSHENGCHANGUANLITIXIYIJIANLI,GUANLIJISHIGONGRENYUANYIDAOWEI,SHIGONGJIXIEJUBEISHIYONGTIAOJIAN,ZHUYAOGONGCHENGCAILIAOYILUOSHI;

4 JINCHANGDAOLUJISHUI、DIAN、TONGXINDENGYIMANZUKAIGONGYAOQIU。

 

4、监理规划主要内容

1GONGCHENGGAIKUANG;

天马彩票2JIANLIGONGZUODEFANWEI、NEIRONG、MUBIAO;

3JIANLIGONGZUOYIJU;

天马彩票4JIANLIZUZHIXINGSHI、RENYUANPEIBEIJIJINTUICHANGJIHUA、JIANLIRENYUANGANGWEIZHIZE;

5GONGCHENGZHILIANGKONGZHI;

6工程造价控制;

7GONGCHENGJINDUKONGZHI;

8HETONGYUXINXIGUANLI;

9 ZUZHIXIEDIAO;

天马彩票10ANQUANSHENGCHANGUANLIZHIZE;

11JIANLIGONGZUOZHIDU;

12JIANLIGONGZUOSHESHI。

 

5、哪些分部分项工程要编制监理实施细则?编制依据及主要内容是什么?

CAIYONGXINCAILIAO、XINGONGYI、XINJISHU、XINSHEBEIDEGONGCHENG,YIJIZHUANYEXINGJIAOQIANG、WEIXIANXINGJIAODADEFENBUFENXIANGGONGCHENG,YINGBIANZHIJIANLISHISHIXIZE。

JIANLISHISHIXIZEBIANZHIYIJU:

1 JIANLIGUIHUA;

2 XIANGGUANBIAOZHUN、GONGCHENGSHEJIWENJIAN;

3 SHIGONGZUZHISHEJI、ZHUANXIANGSHIGONGFANGAN。

JIANLISHISHIXIZEZHUYAONEIRONG:

1 ZHUANYEGONGCHENGTEDIAN;

2 JIANLIGONGZUOLIUCHENG;

3 JIANLIGONGZUOYAODIAN;

4 JIANLIGONGZUOFANGFAJICUOSHI。

 

6、分包单位资格审核的基本内容?

1YINGYEZHIZHAO、QIYEZIZHIDENGJIZHENGSHU;

2ANQUANSHENGCHANXUKEWENJIAN;

3LEISIGONGCHENGYEJI;

4ZHUANZHIGUANLIRENYUANHETEZHONGZUOYERENYUANDEZIGEZHENGSHU。

 

7、对施工单位报送的施工控制测量成果及保护措施应检查、复核哪些内容?

天马彩票1JIANCHASHIGONGDANWEICELIANGRENYUANDEZIGEZHENGSHUJICELIANGSHEBEIJIANDINGZHENGSHU;

2JIANCHASHIGONGPINGMIANKONGZHIWANG、GAOCHENGKONGZHIWANGHELINSHISHUIZHUNDIANDECELIANGCHENGGUOJIKONGZHIZHUANGDEBAOHUCUOSHI。

天马彩票3FUHESHIGONGDANWEIBAOSONGDESHIGONGCELIANGFANGXIANCHENGGUO。

 

8、施工单位的试验室检查的内容

天马彩票1SHIYANSHIDEZIZHIDENGJIJISHIYANFANWEI;

2FADINGJILIANGBUMENDUISHIYANSHEBEICHUJUDEJILIANGJIANDINGZHENGMING;

3SHIYANSHIGUANLIZHIDU;

4SHIYANRENYUANZIGEZHENGSHU。

 

9、专业监理工程师发现哪些情形之一的,应及时通知总监理工程师签发工程暂停令?

天马彩票1SHIGONGDANWEIWEIJINGPIZHUNSHANZISHIGONGDE;

天马彩票2SHIGONGDANWEIWEIANSHENCHATONGGUODEGONGCHENGSHEJIWENJIANSHIGONGDE;

3SHIGONGDANWEIWEIANPIZHUNDESHIGONGZUZHISHEJISHIGONGHUOWEIFANGONGCHENGJIANSHEQIANGZHIXINGBIAOZHUNDE;

4SHIGONGCUNZAIZHONGDAZHILIANGSHIGUYINHUANHUOFASHENGZHILIANGSHIGUDE。

 

10、监理人员对工程施工质量巡视的主要内容有哪些?

1SHIGONGDANWEISHIFOUANGONGCHENGSHEJIWENJIAN、GONGCHENGJIANSHEBIAOZHUNHEPIZHUNDESHIGONGZUZHISHEJI、ZHUANXIANGSHIGONGFANGANSHIGONG;

2SHIYONGDEGONGCHENGCAILIAO、GOUPEIJIANHESHEBEISHIFOUHEGE;

天马彩票3SHIGONGXIANCHANGGUANLIRENYUAN、TEBIESHISHIGONGZHILIANGGUANLIRENYUANSHIFOUDAOWEI;

天马彩票4TEZHONGZUOYERENYUANSHIFOUCHIZHENGSHANGGANG。

 

11、施工进度计划审查的基本内容?

天马彩票1SHIGONGJINDUJIHUAYINGFUHESHIGONGHETONGZHONGGONGQIDEYUEDING;

天马彩票2SHIGONGJINDUJIHUAZHONGZHUYAOGONGCHENGXIANGMUWUYILOU,YINGMANZUFENPIDONGYONGHUOPEITAODONGYONGDEXUYAO,JIEDUANXINGSHIGONGJINDUJIHUAYINGMANZUZONGJINDUKONGZHIMUBIAODEYAOQIU;

3SHIGONGSHUNXUDEANPAIYINGFUHESHIGONGGONGYIYAOQIU;

4SHIGONGRENYUAN、 GONGCHENGCAILIAO、 SHIGONGJIXIEDENGZIYUANGONGYINGJIHUAYINGMANZUSHIGONGJINDUJIHUADEXUYAO; 

天马彩票5SHIGONGJINDUJIHUAYINGMANZUJIANSHEDANWEITIGONGDESHIGONGTIAOJIAN (ZIJIN、 SHIGONGTUZHI、 SHIGONGCHANGDI、WUZIDENG)。

 

12、项目监理机构处理施工单位费用索赔程序?

1SHOULISHIGONGDANWEIZAISHIGONGHETONGYUEDINGDEQIXIANNEITIJIAODEFEIYONGSUOPEIYIXIANGTONGZHISHU;

2SHOUJIYUSUOPEIYOUGUANDEZILIAO;

3 SHOULISHIGONGDANWEIZAISHIGONGHETONGYUEDINGDEQIXIANNEITIJIAODEFEIYONGSUOPEIBAOSHENBIAO; 

4SHENCHAFEIYONGSUOPEIBAOSHENBIAO。XUYAOSHIGONGDANWEIJINYIBUTIJIAOXIANGXIZILIAODE,YINGZAISHIGONGHETONGYUEDINGDEQIXIANNEIFACHUTONGZHI; 

5YUJIANSHEDANWEIHESHIGONGDANWEIXIESHANGYIZHIHOU,ZAISHIGONGHETONGYUEDINGDEQIXIANNEIQIANFAFEIYONGSUOPEIBAOSHENBIAO,BINGBAOJIANSHEDANWEI。

 

13、监理日志主要内容?

天马彩票1TIANQIHESHIGONGHUANJINGQINGKUANG;

2SHIGONGJINZHANQINGKUANG;

3JIANLIGONGZUOQINGKUANG(BAOKUOPANGZHAN、XUNSHI、JIANZHENGQUYANG、PINGXINGJIANYANDENGQINGKUANG) ;

4CUNZAIDEWENTIJIXIEDIAOJIEJUEQINGKUANG;

5QITAYOUGUANSHIXIANG。

 

14、监理月报主要内容?

1BENYUEGONGCHENGSHISHIQINGKUANG;

2BENYUEJIANLIGONGZUOQINGKUANG;

3BENYUESHIGONGZHONGCUNZAIDEWENTIJICHULIQINGKUANG;

4XIAYUEJIANLIGONGZUOZHONGDIAN。

 

15、第一次工地会议主要内容?

1JIANSHEDANWEI、 SHIGONGDANWEIHEGONGCHENGJIANLIDANWEIFENBIEJIESHAOGEZIZHUXIANCHANGDEZUZHIJIGOU、 RENYUANJIQIFENGONG;

2JIANSHEDANWEIJIESHAOGONGCHENGKAIGONGZHUNBEIQINGKUANG;

3SHIGONGDANWEIJIESHAOSHIGONGZHUNBEIQINGKUANG;

天马彩票4JIANSHEDANWEIDAIBIAOHEZONGJIANLIGONGCHENGSHIDUISHIGONGZHUNBEIQINGKUANGTICHUYIJIANHEYAOQIU;

天马彩票5ZONGJIANLIGONGCHENGSHIJIESHAOJIANLIGUIHUADEZHUYAONEIRONG;

6YANJIUQUEDINGGEFANGZAISHIGONGGUOCHENGZHONGCANJIAJIANLILIHUIDEZHUYAORENYUAN,ZHAOKAIJIANLILIHUIDEZHOUQI、DIDIANJIZHUYAOYITI;

7QITAYOUGUANSHIXIANG。

 

16、项目监理机构在实施监理过程中,发现工程存在安全事故隐患的处理程序?

YINGQIANFAJIANLITONGZHI,YAOQIUSHIGONGDANWEIZHENGGAI;QINGKUANGYANZHONGDE,YINGQIANFAGONGCHENGZANTINGLING,BINGJISHIBAOGAOJIANSHEDANWEI。

 

天马彩票SHIGONGDANWEIJUBUZHENGGAIHUOZHEBUTINGZHISHIGONGDE,XIANGMUJIANLIJIGOUYINGJISHIXIANGYOUGUANZHUGUANBUMENBAOSONGJIANLIBAOGAO。JINJIQINGKUANGXIA,XIANGMUJIANLIJIGOUTONGGUOTIANMACAIPIAO、CHUANZHENHUOZHEDIANZIYOUJIANXIANGYOUGUANZHUGUANBUMENBAOGAODE,SHIHOUYINGXINGCHENGJIANLIBAOGAO。

 

JISHUBUFEN

(FANGJIAN,SHIZHENGDAOLU、QIAOLIANG、TIELU、PAISHUIGUANQUDENGZHUANYEJISHUBUFEN)

1、什么叫低电压?什么叫高电压?什么叫安全电压?各为多少压?

天马彩票DA:DIYADIANZHEIGEGAINIANSHIXIANGDUIERYANDE,DIYADIANHEGAOYADIANZHIJIANMEIYOUJUEDUIDEJIEXIAN,GENJUSHIJIQINGKUANGHUAFEN。

 

 YOUGUOJIADIANLIGONGSIXIAFAZAIDIANLIXITONGZHONGZHIXINGDE《DIANYEANQUANGONGZUOGUICHENG》ZHONGGUIDING:DUIDIDIANYAZAI1KVYIXIASHICHENGWEI“DIYA”,DUIDIDIANYAZAI1KVJIYISHANGSHICHENGWEI“GAOYA”。

 

DUIDIANCHANGFADIANHEGONGDIANLAIJIANG,YI6000V~7000VZUOYOUWEIJIE,YISHANGDEWEIGAOYADIAN,YIXIADEWEIDIYADIAN。

.

ANQUANDIANYASHIZHIJIAZAIRENTISHANGZAIYIDINGSHIJIANNEIBUZHIZAOCHENGSHANGHAIDEDIANYA。YIBANHUANJINGTIAOJIANXIAYUNXUCHIXUJIECHUDE“ANQUANTEDIDIANYA”SHI24V。


天马彩票 国家标准《安全电压》(GB3805—83)规定我国安全电压额定值的等级为42V、36V、24V、12V和6V,应根据作业场所、操作员条件、使用方式、供电方式、线路状况等因素选用

 

2、什么叫工作接地?什么叫重复接地?什么保护接地?什么叫接地电阻?由几部分组成?

天马彩票DA: ZAIZHENGCHANGHESHIGUQINGKUANGXIA,WEILEBAOZHENGDIANQISHEBEIANQUANYUNXING,ERZAIDIANLIXITONGZHONGMOUXIEDIANJINXINGDEJIEDIJIAOGONGZUOJIEDI。RUBIANYAQIDIYAZHONGXINGDIANHEFADIANJIZHONGXINGDIANDEJIEDIJIAOGONGZUOJIEDI;

 

天马彩票JIANGLINGXIANSHANGDEYIDIANHUODUODIAN,YUDIZUOZAIYICIDELIANJIEJIAOZHONGFUJIEDI。

 

天马彩票WEIFANGZHIYINJUEYUANSUNHUAIERZAOCHENGCHUDIANWEIXIAN,JIANGDIANQISHEBEIDEJINSHUWAIQIAOHEJIEDIZHUANGZHIZHIJIANZUODIANQILIANJIEJIAOBAOHUJIEDI。

 

天马彩票JIEDIDIANZUJIUSHIDIANLIUYOUJIEDIZHUANGZHILIURUDADIZAIJINGDADILIUXIANGLINGYIJIEDITIHUOXIANGYUANCHUKUOSANSUOYUDAODEDIANZU,TABAOKUOJIEDIXIANHEJIEDITIBENSHENDEDIANZU、JIEDITIYUDADIDEDIANZUZHIJIANDEJIECHUDIANZUYIJILIANGJIEDITIZHIJIANDADIDEDIANZUHUOJIEDITIDAOWUXIANDAYUANCHUDEDADIDIANZU。

 

3、接地系统有那几种形式?它们的区别?

DA:JIEDIXITONGYOUZHIJIEJIEDIXITONG、BUJIEDIHEBUZHIJIEJIEDIXITONGSANLEI。

天马彩票YIGEDANWEIGONGCHENGBUCUNZAIDUOGEJIEDIXITONG,DUI0.4KVXITONG,YIBANCAIYONGTN-CTN-C-STN-SXITONGSANZHONG,YOUSHIZENGSHEZHONG;

 

(1)TN-CXITONG:SANXIANGSIXIANZHIPENXIANGUIDINGJULINEIJIEDI,ZAIRUHUDUANJIUJINJIEDI,SIXIANDAODAYONGDIANSHEBEI。DAOXIANFENWEIHUANG、LV、HONG、HUANGLVXIAN。JIESHENGYIGENDANLANXIAN!

 

(2)TN-C-SXITONG:WEISANXIANGWUXIANZHI,SANXIANGSIXIANZHIPENXIANGUIDINGJULINEIJIEDI,ZAIRUHUDUANJIUJINJIEDI,JINRURUHUDUANHOUFENWEIWUXIANZHIDAODAYONGDIANSHEBEI。DAOXIANFENWEIRUHUDUANQIANWEIHUANG、LV、HONG、HUANGLVXIAN、RUHUDUANHOUFENWEIHUANG、LV、HONG、NDANLAN、PEHUANGLVXIAN。

 

(3)TN-SXITONG:SANXIANGWUXIANZHI,BIANYAQISHUCHUSANXIANGWUXIANZHIPEZAIGUIDINGJULINEIJIEDI,RUHUDUANJIUJINJIEDI。WUXIANZHIDAODAYONGDIANSHEBEI。DAOXIANFENWEIHUANG、LV、HONG、NDANLAN、PEHUANGLVXIAN。

 

4、什么叫总等电位联结(MEB)?什么叫局部等电位联结(LEB)?什么叫辅助等电位联结(SEB)?

DA:ZONGDENGDIANWEILIANJIE(MEB):ZONGDENGDIANWEILIANJIEZUOYONGYUQUANJIANZHUWU,TAZAIYIDINGCHENGDUSHANGKEJIANGDIJIANZHUWUNEIJIANJIEJIECHUDIANJIDEJIECHUDIANYAHEBUTONGJINSHUBUJIANJIANDEDIANWEICHA,BINGXIAOCHUZIJIANZHUWUWAIJINGDIANQIXIANLUHEGEZHONGJINSHUGUANDAOYINRUDEWEIXIANGUZHANGDIANYADEWEIHAI。

 

天马彩票TAYINGTONGGUOJINXIANPEIDIANXIANGJINPANGDEJIEDIMUPAI(ZONGDENGDIANWEILIANJIEDUANZIBAN)JIANGXIALIEKEDAODIANBUFENHUXIANGLIANTONG:

 

天马彩票——JINXIANPEIDIANXIANGDEPE(PEN)MUPAI;

——GONGYONGSHESHIDEJINSHUGUANDAO,RUSHANG、XIASHUI、RELI、RANQIDENGGUANDAO;

天马彩票——JIANZHUWUJINSHUJIEGOU;

——RUGUOSHEZHIYOURENGONGJIEDI,YEBAOKUOQIJIEDIJIYINXIAN。

 

天马彩票ZHUZHAILOUZUOZONGDENGDIANWEILIANJIEHOU,KEFANGZHITNXITONGDIANYUANXIANLUZHONGDEPEHEPENXIANCHUANDAOYINRUGUZHANGDIANYADAOZHIDIANJISHIGU,TONGSHIKEJIANSHAODIANWEICHA、DIANHU、DIANHUOHUAFASHENGDEJILV,BIMIANJIEDIGUZHANGYINQIDEDIANQIHUOZAISHIGUHERENSHENDIANJISHIGU;TONGSHIYESHIFANGLEIANQUANSUOBIXU。

 

天马彩票YINCI,ZAIJIANZHUWUDEMEIYIDIANYUANJINXIANCHU,YIBANSHEYOUZONGDENGDIANWEILIANJIEDUANZIBAN,YOUZONGDENGDIANWEILIANJIEDUANZIBANYUJINRUJIANZHUWUDEJINSHUGUANDAOHEJINSHUJIEGOUGOUJIANJINXINGLIANJIE。

 

JUBUDENGDIANWEILIANJIE(LEB):ZAIYIJUBUCHANGSUOFANWEINEIJIANGGEKEDAODIANBUFENLIANTONG,CHENGZUOJUBUDENGDIANWEILIANJIE。TAKETONGGUOJUBUDENGDIANWEILIANJIEDUANZIBANJIANGXIALIEBUFENHUXIANGLIANTONG:

 

天马彩票——PEMUXIANHUOPEGANXIAN;

——GONGYONGSHESHIDEJINSHUGUANDAO;

——JIANZHUWUJINSHUJIEGOU。

 

天马彩票FUZHUDENGDIANWEILIANJIE(SEB):ZAIDAODIANBUFENJIAN,YONGDAOXIANZHIJIELIANTONG,SHIQIDIANWEIXIANGDENGHUOXIANGJIN,CHENGZUOFUZHUDENGDIANWEILIANJIE。

 

5、电线导管、电缆导管的进场验收应检查哪些内容?

天马彩票DA:DIANXIANDAOGUAN、DIANLANDAOGUANDEJINCHANGYANSHOUYINGJIANCHADENEIRONGRUXIA:

(1)DAOGUANYINGANPICHAYANHEGEZHENGJIZHIBAOZILIAO;

 

(2)WAIGUANJIANCHAGANGDAOGUANYINGWUYABIAN,NEIBIGUANGHUA。FEIDUXINGANGDAOGUANYINGWUYANZHONGXIUSHI;DUXINGANGDAOGUANDUXINCENGFUGAIWANZHENG、BIAOMIANWUXIUSHI;JUEYUANDAOGUANJIPEIJIANBUSUILIE,BIAOMIANYINGYOUBUDAYU1MDELIANXUZURANBIAOZHIHEZHIZAOCHANGBIAO。

 

(3)YAOANZHIZAOBIAOZHUNJINXINGXIANCHANGCHOUYANGJIANCEDAOGUANDEGUANJING、BIHOUJIJUNYUNDU。DUIJUEYUANDAOGUANJIQIPEIJIANDEZURANXINGNENGYOUYIYISHI,YINGANPICHOUYANGSONGYOUZIZHIDESHIYANSHIJINXINGJIANCE。

 

6、插座的接线必须怎样接才合格?

DA:CHAZUODEJIEXIANRUXIA:

(1)CHAZUOJIEXIANDEXIANSEYINGZHENGQUE,HENEICHUXIANCHUMODUANWAIYINGZUOBINGJIETOU,FENZHIJIEZHICHAZUO,BUYUNXUGONGTOU(BUDUANXIAN)LIANJIE;

 

天马彩票(2)DANXIANGLIANGKONGCHAZUOMIANDUICHAZUODEYOUKONG(HUOSHANGKONG)YUXIANGXIAN(L)LIANJIE,ZUOKONG(HUOXIAKONG)YUZHONGXINGXIAN(N)LIANJIE;

 

(3)DANXIANGSANKONGCHAZUOMIANDUICHAZUODEYOUKONGYUXIANGXIAN(L)LIANJIE,ZUOKONGYUZHONGXINGXIAN(N)LIANJIE,PEHUOPENXIANLIANJIEZAISHANGKONG;

 

(4)SANXIANGSIKONGJISANXIANGWUKONGCHAZUODEPEHUOPENXIANJIEZAISHANGKONG,TONGYICHANGSUODESANXIANGCHAZUOJIEXIANXIANGXUYAOYIZHI;

 

天马彩票(5)CHAZUODEJIEDIDUANZI(E)BUYUZHONGXINGXIAN(N)DUANZILIANJIE,PEHUOPENXIANZAICHAZUOJIANBUCHUANLIANLIANJIE,CHAZUODENXIANBUYUPEXIANHUNTONG;

 

(6)ZHAOMINGYUCHAZUOFENHUILUFUSHESHI,CHAZUOYUZHAOMINGHUOCHAZUOYUCHAZUOGEHUILUZHIJIANJUNBUNENGHUNTONG。

 

7、照明通电试运行应怎样进行才算合格?

DA:(1)GONGYONGJIANZHUZHAOMINGXITONGLIANXUSHIYUNXING24XIAOSHI;

天马彩票(2)MINYONGZHUZHAIZHAOMINGXITONGYINGLIANXUSHIYUNXING8XIAOSHI;

 

天马彩票(3)SUOYONGZHAOMINGDENGJUJUNYINGKAIQI,QIEMEI2XIAOSHIJILUYUNXINGZHUANGTAI1CI,LIANXUSHIYUNXINGSHIJIANNEIWUGUZHANG。

 

8、电气安装工程有哪些常用器材要进行进场材料报验?

DA:YIXIACHANGYONGDIANQIQICAIYAOJINXINGJINCHANGCAILIAOBAOYAN:

天马彩票(1)JIEDIDUXINBIANTIEHUO、YUANGANG;

(2)JINSHUDAOGUAN、SULIAODAOGUAN;

(3)DIANLAN、DIANXIANLEI;

(4)DENGJULEI;

(5)KAIGUAN、CHAZUOLEI;

(6)PEIDIANXIANG(BAN)LEI;

(7)JINSHUXIANCAO、QIAOJIAJIFENGBIMUXIANLEI;

(8)FADIANJIZU。

 

9、如何进行金属线槽、桥架与封闭母线的验收?

天马彩票DA:(1)JIANCHAXIANCAO、QIAOJIA、FENGBIMUXIANSUOYONGDEYUANCAILIAOGANGBANDECAIZHISHIFOUFUHEDINGHUOHETONGDEYAOQIU,YOUYOUWUYONGREYABANDAITILENGYABAN;

 

(2)XUANYONGGANGBANCAILIAODEHOUDUYUSUOJIAGONGDEXIANCAO、QIAOJIADEGUIGESHIFOUXIANGSHIYING;

天马彩票(3)CHENGPINDEJIHECHICUNSHIFOUGUIFAN、WAIXINGYOUFOUNIUQUBIANXING;

天马彩票(4)BIAOMIANYOUFOUBUGUANGHUA、SEZEBUJUNYUN、DUXINCENGTUOLUO;

天马彩票(5)HANFENG、HANDIANSHIFOUJIAZHA,YOULIEWEN;

 

(6)BIAOMIANFANGFUCENGHOUDUSHIFOUBUZU,FUZHELISHIFOUJIAOCHA;

天马彩票(7)JIETOULUOSHUANKONGJINGGUIFANYUFOU,SHIFOUGUODAHUOBUYIZHI;

天马彩票(8)YOUKONGTUOPANTONGFENGKONGCHONGYACHUJIBANCAIJIANQIEBUWEISHIFOUCUNZAIFEIBIANJIMAOCI;

(9)FENGBIMUXIANDAOLIUPAIZHONGJIANJIETOUHANJIEZHILIANGSHIFOUDILIE,YONGKACHICELIANGDAOTIGUIGESHIFOUFUHEDINGHUOJIBIAOZHUNGUIDING;

 

天马彩票(10)FUJIANSHIFOUQIQUAN;

(11)FENGBISHIMUXIANCAOYOUWUMINGPAI,HUOMINGPAIJIDINGNEIRONGSHIFOUQIQUAN;

(12)HUIXIANMUXIANGONGHUOSHIXUSUIJIZHUANGDAICHUCHANGSHIYANBAOGAO;

 

(13)YANZHENGFADINGJIANCEDANWEICHUJUDEJIANYANBAOGAO(DAIYOUCMABIAOZHI)SHIFOUZAIYOUXIAOQINEI。

 

10、简述金属电缆桥架安装重点?

天马彩票DA:JINSHUDIANLANQIAOJIAANZHUANGZHONGDIAN:

 

(1)JINSHUQIAOJIAJIZHIJIAQUANZHANGYINGBUSHAOYU2CHUYUJIEDIGANXIANLIANJIE;

(2)FEIDUXINDIANLANQIAOJIAJIANLIANJIEBANDELIANGDUANXUKUAJIETONGXINJIEDIXIAN,JIEDIXIANZUIXIAOYUNXUJIEMIANJIBUXIAOYU4mm2;

 

(3)DUXINQIAOJIAKEBUKUAJIE,DANLIANJIEBANLIANGDUANBUSHAOYU2GEYOUFANGSONGLUOMAOHUOFANGSONGDIANQUANDELIANJIEGUDINGLUOSHUAN。

 

11、简述普通灯具安装要点?

DA:PUTONGDENGJUANZHUANGYAODIAN:

 

   (1)DENGJUZHONGLIANGDAYU3㎏SHI,YINGGUDINGZAILUOSHUANHUOYUMAIDIAOGOUSHANG;

 

天马彩票   (2)DENGJUZHONGLIANGXIAOYU0.5㎏SHI,KECAIYONGRUANDIANXIANZISHENDIAOZHUANG,DAYU0.5㎏YINGCAIYONGDIAOLIAN;

 

天马彩票   (3)HUADENGDIAOGOUYUANGANGZHIJINGBUYINGXIAOYUDENGJUGUAXIAOZHIJINGQIEBUXIAOYU6㎜,DAXINGHUADENGDEGUDINGJIXUANDIAOYINGANDENGJUZHONGLIANGDE2BEIZUOGUOZAISHIYAN;

 

   (4)DANGDENGJUJULIDIMIANGAODUXIAOYU2.4mSHI,BIXUJIEDIQIEYOUBIAOZHI。

 

12、接地装置的焊接要求及规定?

天马彩票    DA:CAIYONGDAJIEHAN,DAJIEZHANGDUYINGFUHE:BIANGANGYUBIANGANGDAJIEWEIBIANGANGKUANDUDE2BEI,QIEBUSHAOYU3MIANHANJIE;YUANGANGYUYUANGANGWEIDAJIEYUANGANGZHIJINGDE6BEI,QIE2MIANHANJIE;YUANGANGYUBIANGANGDAJIEWEIYUANGANGZHIJINGDE6BEI,QIESHUANGMIANSHIHAN。

 

13、电气缆线保护管的连接中,金属导管严禁对口熔焊连接,镀锌和壁厚2mm的钢管不得套管熔焊连接。试述为什么?

    DA:BUGUANGUANBIHOUBO,JUNBUYUNXUDUIKOURONGHANLIANJIE,ZHIYOUHOUBIDEFEIDUXINGANGDAOGUANCAIKEYIYONGTAOGUANRONGHANLIANJIE。

 

天马彩票    RONGHANLIANJIEHUICHANSHENGDAOGUANSHAOCHUAN,NEIBIJIELIUXINGCHENGMAOCIHUODAOKOU,SHICHUANRUDIANXIANDIANLANSHISUNHUAIJUEYUANHUCENG,GUANBISHAOCHUANXIANXIANGHAIRONGYICHANSHENGXIAOKONG,SHIMAIRUTONGZHONGDEGANGDAOGUANSHENRUSHUINIJIANGERDUSAI,YINERJIAOBOBIHEITIEGUANBUYUNXUTAOGUANRONGHANLIANJIE。

 

    DUIYUDUXINGANGGUANLAIJIANG,RONGHANZUOYEHUIPOHUAINEIWAIBIAOMIANDEDUXINCENG,CONGERQIBUDAODUXINGUANJUYOUDELIANGHAOFANGFUXIAOGUO。

 

14、金属电缆支架、电缆导管必须接地(PE)或接零(PEN)可靠。试简述接地、接零的相关规定。

    DA:(1)JINSHUDIANLANQIAOJIAJIQIZHIJIAYINGBUSHAOYULIANGCHUYUJIEDIHUOJIELINGGANXIANXIANGLIANJIE;

 

天马彩票   (2)FEIDUXINDIANLANQIAOJIAJIANLIANJIEBANDELIANGDUANKUAJIETONGXINJIEDIXIAN,JIEDIXIANZUIXIAOYUNXUJIEMIANJIBUXIAOYU4mm2;

 

   (3)DUXINDIANLANQIAOJIAJIANLIANJIEBANDELIANGDUANBUKUAJIEJIEDIXIAN,DANLIANJIEBANLIANGDUANBUSHAOYULIANGGEYOUFANGSONGLUOSHUANMAOHUOFANGSONGDIANQUANDELIANJIEGUDINGLUOSHUAN。

 

15、测试接地装置的接地电阻值必须符合设计要求。试简述为什么?

天马彩票    DA:SHEJIYAOQIUDEJIEDIDIANZUZHISHISHEJIDANWEIWEIMANZUGONGNENGHEANQUANYAOQIU,TONGGUOJISUAN、XUANDINGDEZUIDAJIEDIDIANZUZHI。XIANGYINGGONGXUDESHIGONGJIESHUHOU,BIXUCEDINGYIJIANBIESHIFOUFUHESHEJIYAOQIU,BUFUHEDEXUYAOJINXINGCHULIZHIZHIFUHEYAOQIU。

 

天马彩票JIEDIZHUANGZHIDEJIEDIDIANZUZHIGUANXIDAOJIANZHUWUDEFANGLEIANQUAN、DIANQIZHUANGZHIDEANQUANJIGONGNENG、ZHINENGJIANZHUGONGCHENGDEGONGNENGHESHIYONGANQUAN、YIJIZAIJIANZHUWUZHOUWEIHEJIANZHUWUNEIHUODONGDERENMENZAITESHUQINGKUANGXIADEANQUAN(RULEIDIANHEXIEFANG、DIANQIGUZHANGDENG)。

 

16、连接拒、屏、台、箱、盘面板上的电器及控制台、板等可动部分的电线应符合哪些规定?

天马彩票DA:(1) CAIYONGDUOGUTONGXINRUANDIANXIAN,FUSHEZHANGDULIUYOUSHIDANGYULIANG;

天马彩票    (2) XIANSHUYOUWAITAOSULIAOGUANDENGJIAQIANGJUEYUANBAOHUCENG;

 

    (3) YUDIANQILIANJIESHI,DUANBUJIAOJIN,QIEYOUBUKAIKOUDEZHONGDUANZIHUOTANGXI,BUSONGSAN,DUANGU;

 

天马彩票    (4)KEZHUANDONGBUWEIDELIANGDUANYONGKAZIGUDING。

 

17、照明配电箱(盘)安装应符合哪些规定?

DA;(1) WEIZHIZHENGQUE,BUJIANQIQUAN,XIANGTIKAIKONGYUDAOGUANGUANJINGSHIPEI,ANZHUANGPEIDIANXIANGXIANGGAIJINTIEMIAN,XIANG(PAN)TUCENGWANZHENG;

 

     (2)XIANG(PAN)NEIJIEXIANZHENGQI,HUILUBIANHAOQIQUAN,BIAOSHIZHENGQUE;

天马彩票     (3)XIANG(PAN)BUCAIYONGKERANCAILIAOZHIZUO;

 

     (4)XIANG(PAN)ANZHUANGLAOGU,CHUIZHIDUYUNXUPIANCHAXIANGWEI1.5%:DIBIANJUDIMIANWEI1.5m,ZHAOMINGPEIDIANBANDIBIANJUDIMIANBUXIAOYU1.8m。

 

18、母线的相序排列及涂色,当设计无要求时应符合哪些规定?

天马彩票    DA:(1)SHANGXIABUZHIDEJIAOLIUMUXIAN,YOUSHANGZHIXIAPAILIEWEIA、B、CXIANG;ZHILIUMUXIANZHENGJIZAISHANG,FUJIZAIXIA;

 

   (2)SHUIPINGBUZHIDEJIAOLIUMUXIAN,YOUPANHOUXIANGPANQIANPAILIEWEIA、B、CXIANG;ZHILIUMUXIANZHENGJIZAIHOU,FUJIZAIQIAN;

 

天马彩票   (3)MIANDUIYINXIAXIANDEJIAOLIUMUXIAN,YOUZUOZHIYOUPAILIEWEIA、B、CXIANG;ZHILIUMUXIANZHENGJIZAIZUO,FUJIZAIYOU;

 

   (4)MUXIANDETUSE:JIAOLIUAXIANGWEIHUANGSE、BXIANGWEILVSE、CXIANGWEIHONGSE;ZHILIUZHENGJIWEIZHESE、FUJIWEILANSE;ZAILIANJIECHUHUOZHICHIJIANBIANYUANLIANGCE10mmYINEIBUTUSE。

 

19、电线、电缆应符合哪些规定?

    DA:(1) ANPICHAYANHEGEZHENG,HEGEZHENGYOUSHENGCHANXUKEZHENGBIANHAO,AN《EDINGDIANYA450/750VJIYIXIAJULVYIXIDIANLAN》GB5023.1~5023.7BIAOZHUNSHENGCHANDECHANPINYOUCCCRENZHENGBIAOZHI;

 

    (2) WAIGUANJIANCHA:BAOZHUANGWANHAO,CHOUJIANDEDIANXIANJUEYUANCENGWANZHENGWUSUN,HOUDUJUNYUN。DIANLANWUYABIAN、NIUQU、KAIZHUANGBUSONGJUAN。NAIRE、ZURANDEDIANXIAN、DIANLANWAIHUCENGYOUMINGXIANBIAOSHIHEZHIZAOCHANGBIAO;

 

天马彩票    (3) ANZHIZAOBIAOZHUN,XIANCHANGCHOUYANGJIANCEJUEYUANCENGHOUDUHEYUANXINGXIANXINDEZHIJING。

 

    (4) DUIDIANXIAN、DIANLANJUEYUANXINGNENG、DAODIANXINGNENGHEZURANXINGNENGYOUYIYISHI,ANPICHOUYANGXUANYOUZIZHIDESHIYANSHIJIANCE。

 

20、电气材料进场应怎样进行抽样检查?

    DA:DIANQICAILIAOJINCHANGYINGJINXINGCAILIAOJINCHANGCHOUYANGJIANCHA,CHENGPIJINCHANGDETONGXINGHAOGUIGE、TONGPIHAODECAILIAO,CHOUCHASHULIANGBUYINGSHAOYU5%;FAXIANBUHEGEDE,ZAICHOUCHA10%;ZAIBUHEGEDE,QUANSHUJIANCHA。CAILIAOJINCHANGCHOUYANGJIANCHAYINGGENJUSHIGONGTUZHIYIJIXIANXINGBIAOZHUN《JIANZHUDIANQIGONGCHENGSHIGONGZHILIANGYANSHOUGUIFAN》G B50303DEGUIDINGJINXINGXIALIEJIANCHA:

 

    (1) CHANPINCHUCHANGHEGEZHENGSHUYINGQIQUAN;

天马彩票    (2) SHISHIZHONGGUOQIANGZHIRENZHENGDECHANPIN,YINGYOUCCCRENZHENGBIAOZHI;

 

    (3) XINGHAO、GUIGEJIQIDIANQIXINGNENG、JIXIEXINGNENG、ZURANXINGNENGDENGYINGFUHESHEJIYAOQIUHEXIANGGUANCHANPINJISHUBIAOZHUNGUIDING;

 

    (4) XIANCHANGCHOUYANGJIANCEYINGFUHEYAOQIU;

 

天马彩票    (5) DIANQICAILIAOJINCHANGCHOUYANGJIANCHAYINGANFULUCBIAOC.0.195DEYAOQIUTIANXIECAILIAOJINCHANGCHOUYANGJIANCHAJILU,YOUGUANRENYUANQIANZHENGYINGQIQUAN。

 

21、变压器、箱式变电所安装应按哪些程序进行?

    DA:(1) BIANYAQI、XIANGSHIBIANDIANSUODEJIBENYANSHOUHEGE,QIEDUIMAIRENJICHUDEDIANXIANDAOGUAN、DIANLANDAOGUANBIANYAQIJIN、CHUXIANYULIUKONGJIXIANGGUANYUMAIJIANJINXINGJIANCHA,CAINENGANZHUANGBIANYAQI、XIANGSHIBIANDIANSUO;

 

天马彩票   (2)GANSHANGBIANYAQIDEZHIJIAJINGUJIANCHAHOU,CAINENGDIAOZHUANGBIANYAQIQIEJIUWEIGUDING;

 

天马彩票   (3)BIANYAQIJIJIEDIZHUANGZHIJIAOJIESHIYANHEGE,CAINENGTONGDIAN。

 

22、成套配电柜、控制柜(屏、台)和动力、照明配电箱(盘)安装应按哪些程序进行?

   DA:(1) MAISHEDEJICHUXINGGANGHEJU、PING、TAIXIADEDIANLANGOUDENGXIANGGUANJIANZHUWUJIANCHAHEGE,CAINENGANZHUANGJU、PING、TAI;

 

天马彩票(2) SHINEIWAILUODIDONGLIPEIDIANXIANGDEJIBENYANSHOUHEGE,QIEDUIMAIRENJICHUDEDIANXIANDAOGUAN、DIANLANDAOGUANJINXINGJIANCHA,CAINENGANZHUANGXIANGTI;

 

    (3) QIANGSHANGMINGZHUANGDEDONGLI、ZHAOMINGPEIDIANXIANG(PAN) DEYUMAIJIAN(JINSHUMAIJIAN、LUOSHUAN) ,ZAIMOHUIQIANYULIUHEYUMAI;ANZHUANGDEDONGLI、ZHAOMINGPEIDIANXIANGDEYULIUKONGHEDONGLI、ZHAOMINGPEIXIANDEXIANHEJIDIANXIANDAOGUANDENG,JINGJIANCHAQUERENDAOWEI,CAINENGANZHUANGPEIDIANXIANG(PAN) ;

 

天马彩票    (4) JIEDI(PE)HUOJIELING(PEN)LIANJIEWANCHENGHOU,HEDUIJU、PING、TAI、XIANG、PANNEIDEYUANJIANGUIGE、XINGHAO,QIEJIAOJIESHIYANHEGE,CAINENGTOURUSHIYUNXING。

 

23、电缆桥架安装和桥架内电缆敷设应按哪些程序进行?

天马彩票DA:(1)CELIANGDINGWEI,ANZHUANGQIAOJIADEZHIJIA,JINGJIANCHAQUEREN,CAINENGANZHUANGQIAOJIA;

    (2) QIAOJIAANZHUANGJIANCHAHEGE,CAINENGFUSHEDIANLAN;

 

    (3) DIANLANFUSHEQIANJUEYUANCESHIHEGE,CAINENGFUSHE;

 

    (4) DIANLANJIAOJIESHIYANHEGE,QIEDUIJIEXIANQUXIANG,XIANGWEIHEFANGHUOGEDUCUOSHIDENGJIANCHAQUEREN,CAINENGTONGDIAN。

 

24、电缆在沟内、电缆竖井内支架上敷设应按哪些程序进行?

天马彩票    DA: (1) DIANLANZAIGOUNEI、DIANLANSHUJINGNEIDESHIGONGLINSHISHESHI,、MOBANJIJIANZHUFEILIAODENGQINGCHU,CELIANGDINGWEIHOU。CAINENGANZHUANGZHIJIA;

 

     (2) DIANLANZAIGOUNEI、DIANLANSHUJINGNEIZHIJIAANZHUANGJIDIANLANDAOGUANFUSHEJIESHU,JIEDI(PE)HUOJIELING(PEN)LIANJIEWANCHENGHOU,JINGJIANCHAQUEREN,CAINENGFUSHEDIANLAN。

 

     (3) DIANLANFUSHEQIANJUEYUANCESHIHEGE,CAINENGFUSHE;

 

     (4) DIANLANJIAOJIESHIYANHEGE,QIEDUIJIEXIANQUXIANG,XIANGWEIHEFANGHUOGEDUCUOSHIDENGJIANCHAQUEREN,CAINENGTONGDIAN。

 

25、电线导管、电缆导管和线槽敷设应按哪些程序进行?

    DA:(1) CHUMAIRENHUNNINGTUZHONGDEFEIDUXINGANGDAOGUANWAIBIBUZUOFANGFUCHUJINGLIWAI,QITACHANGSUODEFEIDUXINGANGDAOGUANNEIWAIBIJUNZUOFANGFUCHULI,JINGJIANCHAQUEREN,CAINENGPEIGUAN;

 

天马彩票    (2) SHIWAIZHIMAIDAOGUANDELUJING、GOUCAOSHENDU、KUANDUJIDIANCENGCHULIJINGJIANCHAQUEREN,CAINENGMAISHEDAOGUAN;

 

天马彩票    (3) XIANJIAOHUNNINGTUBANNEIPEIGUANZAIDICENGGANGJINBANGZHAWANCHENG,SHANGCENGGANGJINWEIBANGZHAQIANFUSHE,QIEJIANCHAQUEREN,CAINENGBANGZHASHANGCENGGANGJINHEJIAODAOHUNNINGTU;

 

     (4) XIANJIAOHUNNINGTUQIANGTINEIDEGANGJINWANGPIANBANGZHAWANCHENG,MEN、CHUANGDENGWEIZHIYIFANGXIAN,JINGJIANCHAQUEREN,CAINENGZAIQIANGTINEIPEIGUAN;

 

天马彩票     (5) BEIYINBIDEJIEXIANHEHEDAOGUANZAIYINBIQIANJIANCHAHEGE,CAINENGYINBI;

 

     (6) ZAILIANG、BAN、ZHUDENGBUWEIMINGPEIGUANDEDAOGUANGUANTAO、MAIJIAN、ZHIJIADENGJIANCHAHEGE,CAINENGPEIGUAN;

 

天马彩票     (7) DIAODINGSHANGDEDENGWEIJIDIANQIQIJUWEIZHIXIANFANGYANG,QIEYUTUJIANJIGEZHUANYESHIGONGDANWEISHANGDING,CAINENGZAIDIAODINGNEIPEIGUAN;

 

     (8) DINGPENGHEQIANGMIANDEPENJIANG、YOUQIHUOBIZHIDENGJIBENWANCHENG,CAINENGFUSHEXIANCAO、CAOBAN。

 

26、电线、电缆穿管及线槽敷线应按哪些程序进行?

天马彩票    DA:(1) JIEDI(P E )HUOJIELING(P E N)JIQITAHANJIESHIGONGWANCHENG,JINGJIANCHAQUEREN,CAINENGCHUANRUDIANXIANGEDIANLANYIJIXIANCAONEIFUXIAN;

 

     (2) YUDAOGUANLIANJIEDEJU、PING、TAI、XIANG、PANANZHUANGWANCHENG,GUANNEIJISHUIJIZAWUQINGLIGANJING,JINGJIANCHAQUEREN,CAINENGCHUANRUDIANXIANGEDIANLAN;

 

     (3) DIANLANCHUANGUANQIANJUEYUANCESHIHEGE,CAINENGCHUANRUDAOGUAN;

 

     (4) DIANXIAN、DIANLANDEJIAOJIESHIYANHEGE,QIEDUIJIEXIANQUXIANG,XIANGWEIDENGJIANCHAQUEREN,CAINENGTONGDIAN。

 

27、照明 灯具安装应按哪些程序进行?

天马彩票    DA:(1) ANZHUANGDENGJUDEYUMAILUOSHUAN、DIAOGANHEDIAODINGSHANGQIANRUSHIDENGJUANZHUANGZHUANYONGGUJIADENGWANCHENG,ANSHEJIYAOQIUZUOCHENGZAISHIYANHEGE,CAINENGDENGJUANZHUANG;

 

    (2) YINGXIANGDENGJUANZHUANGDEMOBAN、JIAOSHOUJIACHAICHU,DINGPENGHEQIANGMIANPENJIANG、YOUQIHUOBIZHIDENGJIDIMIANQINGLIGONGZUOJIBENWANCHENGHOU,CAINENGDENGJUANZHUANG;

 

     (3) DAOXIANJUEYUANCESHIHEGE,CAINENGDENGJUJIEXIAN;

天马彩票     (4) GAOKONGANZHUANGDEDENGJU,DIMIANTONGDUANDIANSHIYANHEGE,CAINENGANZHUANG

 

28、接地装置安装应按哪些程序进行?

天马彩票    DA:(1) JIANZHUWUJICHUJIEDITI:DIBANGANGJINFUSHEWANCHENG,JINGJIANCHAQUEREN,CAINENGZHIMOHUOJIAODAOHUNNINGTU;

 

    (2.)RENGONGJIEDITI:ANSHEJIYAOQIUWEIZHIKAIWAGOUCAO,JINGJIANCHAQUEREN,CAINENGDARUJIEDIJIHEFUSHEDIXIAJIEDIGANXIAN;

 

    (3) JIEDIMOKUAI:ANSHEJIYAOQIUWEIZHIKAIWAMOKUAIKENG,BINGJIANGDIXIAJIEDIGANXIANYINDAOMOKUAISHANG,JINGJIANCHAQUEREN,CAINENGHUXIANGHANJIE;

 

    (4) ZHUANGZHIYINBI:JIANCHAQUEREN,CAINENGFUTUHUITIAN。

 

29、引下线安装应按哪些程序进行?

天马彩票    DA:(1) LIYONGJIANZHUWUZHUNEIZHUJINZUOYINXIAXIAN,ZAIZHUNEIZHUJINBANGZHAHOU,ANSHEJIYAOQIUSHIGONG,JINGJIANCHAQUEREN,CAINENGZHIMO;

 

    (2) ZHIJIECONGJICHUJIEDITIHUORENGONGJIEDITIANFUMAIRENFENSHUACENGNEIDEYINXIAXIAN,JINGJIANCHAQUERENBUWAILU,CAINENGTIEMIANZHUANHUOSHUATULIAODENG;

 

天马彩票    (3) ZHIJIECONGJICHUJIEDITIHUORENGONGJIEDITIYINCHUMINGFUDEYINXIAXIAN,XIANMAISHEHUOANZHUANG,JINGJIANCHAQUEREN,CAINENGFUSHEYINXIAXIAN。

 

30、等电位联结应按哪些程序进行?

    DA:(1) ZONGDENGDIANWEILIANJIE:DUIKEZUODAODIANJIEDITIDEJINSHUGUANDAORUHUCHUHEGONGZONGDENGDIANWEILIANJIEDEJIEDIGANXIANDEWEIZHIJIANCHAQUEREN,CAINENGANZHUANGHANJIEZONGDENGDIANWEILIANJIEDUANZIBAN,ANSHEJIYAOQIUZUOZONGDENGDIANWEILIANJIE;

 

    (2) FUZHUDENGDIANWEILIANJIE:JIANLIJIANCEWANGGONGZHONGHAOTIXINGDUIGONGFUZHUDENGDIANWEILIANJIEDEJIEDIMUXIANWEIZHIJIANCHAQUEREN,CAINENGANZHUANGHANJIEFUZHUDENGDIANWEILIANJIEDUANZIBAN,ANSHEJIYAOQIUZUOFUZHUDENGDIANWEILIANJIE;

 

天马彩票    (3) DUITESHUYAOQIUJIANZHUJINSHUPINGBIWANGXIANG,WANGXIANGSHIGONGWANCHENG,JIANCHAQUEREN,CAINENGYUJIEDIXIANLIANJIE。

 

31、给水系统水压试验应怎样进行监控?应按哪些程序进行?

     DA:ZAIJIANKONGYINYONGJISHUIXITONGSHUIYASHIYANSHI:

天马彩票     (1)JIANCHASHIYANXITONGZHONGSHIYONGDEYALIBIAOSHIFOUHEGE,YALIBIAOJIANDINGZHENGSHUSHIFOUZAIYOUXIAOQIXIANNEI;

 

     (2)JIANCHASHIYANYALISHIFOUANGUIFANYAOQIUWEI1.5BEIGONGZUOYALI,ZUIDIBUXIAOYU0.6Mpa;

 

     (3)ZAISHIYANYALIXIAJINSHUJISHUIGUANDAOXITONGGUANCE10FENZHONG,YALIJIANGBUYINGDAYU0.02Mpa,ZEQIANGDUSHIYANHEGE,SULIAOJISHUIGUANDAOJISHUIXITONGYINGZAISHIYANYALIXIAWENYA1XIAOSHIYALIJIANGBUDECHAOGUO0.05Mpa,ZEQIANGDUSHIYANHEGE;

 

天马彩票     (4)ZAIQIANGDUSHIYANHEGEHOUJIANSHIJIANGSHIYANYALIJIANGZHIGONGZUOYALIJINXINGYANMIXINGSHIYAN,ZAIGONGZUOYALIXIAJIANCHAJINSHUGUANDAOJISHUIXITONGWEIFASHENGSHENLOUXIANXIANG,ZEYANMIXINGSHIYANHEGE;DUIYUSULIAOGUANDAOJISHUIXITONGYINGZAIGONGZUOYALI1.15BEIZHUANGTAIXIA,WENYA2XIAOSHIYALIJIANGBUDECHAOGUO0.03Mpa,QIEGELIANJIECHUWUSHENLOUWEIHEGE。

 

32、门安装前应怎样做耐压强度试验?

    DA:FAMENANZHUANGQIANDESHIYANYINGYIMEIPI(TONGPAIHAO、TONGGUIGE、TONGXINGHAO)SHULIANGZHONGCHOU10%,QIEBUSHAOYUYIGE,RUYOULOU、LIEBUHEGEDEYINGJIABEI,JICHOU20%ZHONGSHI;

 

RENGYOUBUHEGESHI,ZEXUZHUGESHIYAN,DUIYUANZHUANGZAIZHUGANGUANSHANGQIQIEDUANZUOYONGDEBILUFAMEN,YINGZHUGEZUOQIANGDUHEYANMIXINGSHIYAN。QIANGDUHEYANMIXINGSHIYANDEYALIYINGWEIFAMENCHANGGUIDINGDEYALI。

 

33、行排水管道灌水、通球试验的监控?

天马彩票     DA:ZAIJINXINGPAISHUIGUANDAODEGUANSHUISHIYANJIANKONGSHI,ZHUYAOSHIKONGZHIPAISHUIGUANDAODEGUANSHUIGAODUYINGBUDIYUDICENGWEISHENGQIJUSHANGBIANYUANHUODICENGDEDIMIAN,MANSHUI15FENZHONG,SHUIMIANXIAJIANGHOUZAIGUANMANGUANCE5FENZHONG,YEMIANBUXIAJIANG,GUANDAOJIEKOUWUSHENLOUWEIHEGE。

 

PAISHUIGUANDAODETONGQIUSHIYANZHUYAOSHIKONGZHITONGQIUSHIYONGDEQIUJINGBUXIAOYU2/3DEPAISHUIGUANJING,QIETONGQIULVBIXUDADAO100%,CAISUANHEGE。

 

34、排水分部(子分部)工程安全和功能检查项目包含哪些项目?

DA:BAOHANRUXIAXIANGMU:

天马彩票    (1)JISHUIGUANDAOTONGSHUISHIYANJILU;

天马彩票    (2)NUANQIGUANDAOSANREQIYALISHIYANJILU;

天马彩票     (3)WEISHENGQIJUMANSHUISHIYANJILU;

     (4)XIAOFANGGUANDAO、RANQIGUANDAOYALISHIYANJILU;

     (5)PAISHUIGANGUANTONGQIUSHIYANJILU。

 

35、给水管道和阀门的强度及严密性试验的内容。

天马彩票    DA:YINGFUHESHEJIYAOQIU,DANGSHEJIWEISHUOMINGSHI,GEZHONGCAIZHIDEJISHUIGUANSHIYANYALIJUNWEIGONGZUOYALIDE1.5BEI,DANBUXIAOYU0.6Mpa,JINSHUFUHEJISHUIGUANXITONGYINGZAISHIYANYALIXIAGUANCE10min YALIJIANGBUDAYU0.02Mpa,ZERENWEIQIANGDUSHIYANHEGE。

SULIAOGUANJISHUIXITONGYINGZAISHIYANYALIXIAWENYA1XIAOSHI,YALIJIANGBUDECHAOGUO0.05Mpa。ZERENWEIQIANGDUSHIYANHEGE。

 

天马彩票QIANGDUSHIYANHEGEHOU,JIANGSHIYANYALIJIANGZHIGONGZUOYALIJINXINGYANMIXINGSHIYAN,WEIFASHENGSHENLOUXIANXIANGZEYANMIXINGSHIYANHEGE,DUIYUSULIAOJISHUIGUANYINGZAIGONGZUOYALI1.15BEIZHUANGTAIXIAWENYA2XIAOSHI,YALIJIANGBUDECHAOGUO0.03Mpa。

 

FAMEN:CHOUJIAN10%,QIEBUSHAOYU1GE,WEIYUZHUGANGUANSHANGDEFAMENQUANJIAN。QIANGDUSHIYANYALIWEIGONGCHENGYALIDE1.5BEI,YANMIXINGSHIYANYALIWEIGONGCHENGYALIDE1.1BEI。

 

36、水管系统竣工后应做何种试验,做法等请简要回答。

    DA:TONGSHUINENGLISHIYAN,DACHUXUDAKAI1/3PEISHUIDIANDENGYAODIAN;

 

TONGQIUSHIYAN,DACHUTONGQIUGUIGEJIQIUJINGBUXIAOYUPAISHUIGUANJINGDE2/3DENGYAODIAN。

 

天马彩票    MAIDIGUANDAODEGUANSHUISHIYANQIGUANSHUIGAODUYINGBUDIYUDICENGWEISHENGQIJUSHANGBIANYUANHUODICENGDIMIANGAODU,MANSHUI15FENZHONG,SHUIMIANXIAJIANGHOUZAIGUANMANGUANCE5FENZHONG,YEMIANBUJIANG,GUANDAOJIEKOUWUSHENLOUWEIHEGE。PAISHUIGUANDAODETONGQIUSHIYANZHONGTONGQIULVBIXUDADAO100%。

 

37、水给水系统水压试验应怎样进行监控?

天马彩票DA:SHOUXIAN,SHIYANZHONGSHIYONGDEYALIBIAOSHIFOUHEGE,YALIBIAOJIANDINGZHENGSHUSHIFOUZAIYOUXIAOQIXIANNEI;

 

JIANCHASHIYANYALISHIFOUANSHEJIJIGUIFANYAOQIUWEI1.5BEIGONGZUOYALI,ZUIDIBUXIAOYU0.6Mpa;ZAISHIYANYALIXIAJINSHUJISHUIGUANDAOXITONGGUANCE10FENZHONG,YALIJIANGBUYINGDAYU0.02Mpa,ZEQIANGDUSHIYANHEGE,SULIAOJISHUIGUANDAOJISHUIXITONGSHIYANYALIXIAWENYA1XIAOSHI,YALIJIANGBUDECHAOGUO0.05Mpa,ZEQIANGDUSHIYANHEGE;

 

天马彩票ZAIQIANGDUSHIYANHEGEHOUYINGJIANGSHIYANYALIJIANGZHIGONGZUOYALIJINXINGYANMIXINGSHIYAN,ZAIGONGZUOYALIXIAJIANCHAJINSHUGUANDAOJISHUIXITONGWEIFASHENGSHENLOUXIANXIANG,ZEYANMIXINGSHIYANHEGE;

 

天马彩票DUIYUSULIAOGUANDAOJISHUIXITONGYINGZAI1.15BEIYALIZHUANGTAIXIA,WENYA2XIAOSHI,YALIJIANGBUDECHAOGUO0.03Mpa,QIEGELIANJIECHUWUSHENLOUWEIHEGE。

 

38、门耐压强度试验做法。

     DA:MEIPI(TONGPAIHAO、TONGGUIGE、TONGXINGHAO)SHULIANGZHONGCHOU10%,QIEBUSHAOYU1GE,RUYOULOU、LIEDENGBUHEGEDEYINGJIABEI,JICHOUQU20%ZHONGSHI;

 

RENGYOUBUHEGESHIHOU,ZEXUZHUGESHIYAN,DUIYUANZHUANGZAIZHUGUANSHANGQIQIEDUANZUOYONGDEBILUFAMEN,YINGZHUGEZUOQIANGDUJIYANMIXINGSHIYAN。QIANGDUHEYANMIXINGSHIYANDEYALIYINGWEIFAMENCHANGGUIDINGDEYALI。

 

39、对于建筑给水排水及采暖工程中,各种管道系统主要分为哪两种?需作何种检、试验工作?为什么?

     DA:FENWEICHENGYAGUANDAOXITONGHEFEICHENGYAGUANDAOXITONG。

 

天马彩票     QIZHONGCHENGYAGUANDAOXITONGHESHEBEIXUZUOSHUIYASHIYAN,FEICHENGYAGUANDAOXITONGHESHEBEIXUZUOGUANSHUISHIYAN。

 

天马彩票     ZUOSHANGSHUSHIYANJUNSHIWEIDADAOSHIYANGONGNENG,BINGJIANSHAOTOURUSHIYONGHOUWEIXIUNANDUHEWEIXIUGONGZUOLIANG。

 

天马彩票QIZHONG,YOUYAGUANJISHEBEIDESHUIYASHIYANSHIWEILEJIANCHAXITONGHESHEBEIZUHEANZHUANGHOUDEYANMIXINGJICHENGYANENGLI,QUEBAOYUNXINGANQUAN,BIMIANZAIBAOWENHEYINBIZHIHOUZAIFAXIANSHEN、LOU,ZAOCHENGBUBIYAODESUNSHI。

 

天马彩票WUYAGUANJISHEBEIDEGUANSHUISHIYANSHIWEILEJIANCHAGUANDAOXITONGHESHEBEIZUHEANZHUANGHOUDEYANMIXING、TONGSHUINENGLIHEJINGZHISHEBEIDEFANGSHEN、LOUNENGLI。

 

40、系统管道在交付使用前,需要作那些必备工作?简要叙述如何判定?

      DA:BIXUJINXINGCHONGXIHEXIAODU,BINGJINGYOUGUANBUMENQUYANGJIANYAN,FUHEGUOJIA《SHENGHUOYINYONGSHUIBIAOZHUN》FANGKESHIYONG。

 

天马彩票      YINGYOUJIANCHAWEISHENGJIANYIBUMENTIGONGDEJIANCEBAOGAO。CHONGXI、XIAODUJILUWENJIANZILIAO。

 

      ZAIXITONGSHUIYASHIYANHEGEHOUYUJIAOFUSHIYONGQIANJINXINGGUANDAOXITONGDECHONGXISHIYAN,BINGYAOQIUYOUSHIGONGDANWEIZERENRENQIANZIDEGUANDAOXITONGCHONGXI、XIAODUSHIYANJILU。

 

天马彩票XIJIESHANGZHUYIBUDEYISHUIYASHIYANHOUDEXIESHUIDAITIGUANDAOXITONGDECHONGXISHIYAN。CHONGXIHOUHAIYAOJINXINGXIAODUGONGZUO,ERQIESHIBIXUDEGONGXUZHIYI。

 

41、管道的坡度必须符合设计要求,严禁无坡或倒坡。简述为什么?

天马彩票      DA:YINWEIWUYAGUANXIANZHONG,WUSHUI、FEISHUIDENGZAIPAISHUIGUANDAOZHONGDELIUDONGSHIKAOSHUIZAIGUANZHONGDEQIANHOUYACHALAISHIXIANDE。RUGUOGUANLIMEIYOULUOCHA,SHUIJIBUNENGLIUDONG。

 

天马彩票WUSHUIBULIUDONG,DALIANGDEWUWUHUICHENJIXIALAI,DUIJIZAIGUANNEI,DUSAIGUANDAO,SHIPAISHUIXITONGBUNENGGONGZUO。XITONGZHONGRUCUNZAIDAOPO,DAOPOCHUHUIBIANCHENGSISHUIQU,DUSAIHUIGENGKUAI。

 

42、室或地下构筑物外墙、地下室内人防分区结构墙等有管道穿过的,应采取相应措施。比如采用防水套管。试简要叙述检查要点。

       DA:ANZHAOSHEJIYAOQIUXUANZEFANGSHUITAOGUAN,SHIROUXINGHAISHIGANGXINGFANGSHUITAOGUAN,ZHIZUOTAOGUANYAOANXIANGYINGDEBIAOZHUNTUXUANZECAILIAO,ZHIZUOHEANZHUANGSHIYAOYANGEKONGZHIHANJIEZHILIANG,HANFENGGAODUBUDEDIYUMUCAIBIAOMIAN,HANFENGYUMUCAIYINGYUANHUAGUODU,HANFENGJIREYINGXIANGQUBIAOMIANYINGWULIEWEN、WEIRONGHE、WEIHANTOU、YAOROU、JIAZHA、DENGQUEXIAN,BINGYINGQINGCHUHANZHA,YUANZHUANGHAODEGUANDAOJIANDEMIFENGCAILIAOYINGMISHI,JIETOUJUNYUN,SONGJINSHIDU,FANGFUGONGZUOYEYINGZUOHAO。

 

43、消火栓系统安装完成后应取屋顶层(或水箱间内)试验消火栓和首层取两处消火栓做试射试验,达到设计要求为合格。试简答如何进行试设检查?

    DA:JIANLIRENYUANYINGQUANCHENGJIANKONGSHISHESHIYAN,YINWEICIXIQIANGTIAO:

 

天马彩票   (1)SHISHEXIANCHANGYIDINGYAOYOURENKANSHOU,WUDINGYINGXIANGYUANNEI、WURENTINGLIUCHUSHISHE;SHOUCENGYAOXUANDINGWEIZHUANGXIU,WURENHESHEBEI、WUZIDEBUWEISHISHE,ZHAOHAOPAISHUICHULU,LIRUDILOU、XIANGWAICHUKOUDENG;

 

天马彩票(2)WUDINGXIAOHUOSHUANYALIBIAOYINGJINGXIAOYAN,ZHIZHENZHUANDONGLINGHUO、ZHENGQUE;SHOUCENGXIAOHUOSHUANSHUANKOUYALIYINGBUDIYU0.5MP a;

 

天马彩票(3)ZHIQIANGRENYUANYINGJINGGUOPEIXUN,NENGZHENGQUESHIYONGSHUIQIANG,NENGZHENGQUEPANDUANCHONGSHISHUIZHUZHANGDU,RENZHENJILU;

 

   (4)ZHUYIYAOQIUSHIGONGDANWEIZAISHISHEQIANYINGPEIBEIHAODUIJIANGJIDENGBIYAOGONGJU。

 

44、火风管的本体、框架与固定材料、密封垫料等必须为不燃材料,其耐火等级应符合设计的规定。此系强条,请试述如何保证。

天马彩票    DA:(1)DUISHIGONGDANWEISHIGONGQIANBIXUDUICAILIAONAIHUOXINGNENGJINXINGYANGEDEJIANCHAHEHEDUI,YIJUWEICAILIAOZHILIANGBAOZHENGSHUHESHIYANBAOGAO,TONGSHIDUIWAIGUANZHILIANGJINXINGMUCEJIANCHA,XIANGFUHOUZAIJINXINGJIAGONGZHIZUO。JIANCHALIANGWEI:ANCAILIAOYUFENGGUANJIAGONGPISHULIANGCHOUCHA10%,BINGBUSHAOYU5JIAN。

 

天马彩票   (2)DUIFENGGUANDEZHILIANGYIZHAOSHEJITUHEBENGUIFANDEGUIDINGJINXINGZHILIANGBAGUAN。ZAIFENGGUANANZHUANGGUOCHENGZHONG,JIANCHAFENGGUANBANCAIYUFENGGUANKUANGJIADELIANJIESHIFOUPINGZHENG、LAOGU,BANYUBANZHIJIANFENGXIDEMIFENGTIANLIAOFENGDUSHIFOUWANZHENGHEYANMI。FENGGUANANZHUANGWANBIHOU,HAIYINGZUOQUANMIANJIANCHA。

 

  (3)DANGFANGHUOFENGGUANDEGANGZHIJIAZHIYUFENGGUANWAICESHI,QIBIAOMIANBIXUYOUYUFENGGUANXIANGTONGNAIHUODENGJIDEFANGHUCUOSHI。

 

45、通风机传动装置的外露部位及直通大气的进、出风口,必须装设防护罩(网)或采取其它安全设施。试述为什么?

天马彩票    DA:ZAIFENGJIYUNXINGSHI,TONGFENGJICHUANDONGZHUANGZHIDEWAILUBUWEIDENGDOUCHUYUGAOSUXUANZHUANZHUANGTAI,DOUKENENGDUIRENTIZAOCHENGSHANGHAI,TONGSHI,YEKENENGYOUYUWAILAIDUIXIANGDEQINRU,ZAOCHENGSHEBEISUNHUAI,YINCICHUANDONGZHUANGZHIWAILUBUWEIBIXUJIAFANGHUZHAO。

 

    ZHITONGDAQIDETONGFENGJIDEJIN、CHUFENGKOU,SHIGECHANGKAIDEKONGDONG,ZAWUYUXIAODONGWUJUNYOUKENENGJINRU,ZAOCHENGBULIANGHOUGUO。DANGFENGJIYUNZHUANSHI,JINFENGKOUCHUJUYOUJIAODADEFUYA(XILI),GENGYIZAOCHENGRENSHENDESHANGHAIHESHEBEIDESUNHUAI。

 

46、风与空调工程安装完毕,必须进行系统的测定和调整(调试)。系统调试包括哪些项目?请简要说明。

    DA:BAOKUO:

   (1)SHEBEIDANJISHIYUNJIDIAOSHI;

天马彩票   (2)XITONGWUSHENGCHANFUHEXIADELIANHESHIYUNJIDIAOSHILIANGDANEIRONG。

 

天马彩票    QIZHONGXITONGWUSHENGCHANFUHEXIADELIANHESHIYUNZHUANHEDIAOSHI,HAIKEFENWEIZIFENBUXITONGDELIANHESHIYUNZHUANHEDIAOZHENGJIZHENGGEFENBUGONGCHENGZONGHEXINGXITONGDEPINGHENGYUDIAOZHENG。

 

    RUSHANGLIANGDANEIRONGZHONG,DANJISHIYUNHEDIAOZHENG,SHIGONGCHENGSHIGONGWANBIHOUXITONGYUNXINGDEXIANJUETIAOJIAN。WUSHENGCHANFUHEXIADELIANHESHIYUNHEDIAOSHI,ZHEZHONGYUXITONGDEYUNXINGZHUANGTAINENGFUHEGUIDINGGONGKUANGDEYAOQIU。

 

47、支架、电缆导管必须接地(PE)或接零(PEN)可靠。试简述接地、接零的相关规定。

    DA:(1)JINSHUDIANLANQIAOJIAJIQIZHIJIAYINGBUSHAOYULIANGCHUYUJIEDIHUOJIELINGGANXIANXIANGLIANJIE;

 

   (2)FEIDUXINDIANLANQIAOJIAJIANLIANJIEBANDELIANGDUANKUAJIETONGXINJIEDIXIAN,JIEDIXIANZUIXIAOYUNXUJIEMIANJIBUXIAOYU4mm2;

 

天马彩票   (3)DUXINDIANLANQIAOJIAJIANLIANJIEBANDELIANGDUANBUKUAJIEJIEDIXIAN,DANLIANJIEBANLIANGDUANBUSHAOYULIANGGEYOUFANGSONGLUOSHUANMAOHUOFANGSONGDIANQUANDELIANJIEGUDINGLUOSHUAN。

 

48、式消火栓的安装应符合哪些规定?

天马彩票    DA(1)SHUANKOUYINGCHAOWAI,BINGBUYINGANZHUANGZAIMENZHOUCE。

   (2)SHUANKOUZHONGXINJUDIMIANWEI1.1m,YUNXUPIANCHA±20mm。

 

   (3)FAMENZHONGXINJUXIANGCEMIANLIAO140mm,JUXIANGHOUNEIBIAOMIANWEI100mm,YUNXUPIANCHA±5mm。

 

   (4)XIAOHUOSHUANXIANGTIANZHUANGDECHUIZHIDUYUNXUPIANCHAWEI3mm.

 

49、施工现场临时用电组织设计主要包括哪些内容?

      DA:(1)XIANCHANGKANCHA;

     (2)QUEDINGDIANYUANJINXIAN、BIANDIANSUOHUOPEIDIANSHI、PEIDIANZHUANGZHI、YONGDIANSHEBEIWEIZHIJILUXIANZOUXIANG;

 

     (3)JINXINGFUHEJISUAN;

天马彩票     (4)XUANZEBIANYAQI;

     (5)SHEJIPEIDIANXITONG:

天马彩票     (6)SHEJIPEIDIANXIANLU,XUANZEDAOXIANHUODIANLAN;

天马彩票     (7)SHEJIPEIDIANZHUANGZHI,XUANZEDIANQI;

天马彩票     (8)SHEJIJIEDIZHUANGZHI;

 

     (9)HUIZHILINSHIYONGDIANGONGCHENGTUZHI,ZHUYAOBAOKUOYONGDIANGONGCHENGZONGPINGMIANTU、PEIDIANZHUANGZHIBUZHITU、PEIDIANXITONGJIEXIANTU、JIEDIZHUANGZHISHEJITU。

 

天马彩票     (10)SHEJIFANGLEIZHUANGZHI;

     (11)QUEDINGFANGHUCUOSHI;

     (12)ZHIDINGANQUANYONGDIANCUOSHIHEDIANQIFANGHUOCUOSHI。

 

50、观照明灯具安装应符合哪些规定?

DA:(1) MEITAODENGJUDEDAODIANBUFENDUIDIJUEYUANDIANZUZHIDAYU2MΩ;

 

   (2)ZAIRENXINGDAODENGRENYUANLAIWANGMIJICHANGSUOANZHUANGDELUODISHIDENGJU,WUWEILANFANGHU,ANZHUANGGAODUJUDIMIAN2.5mYISHANG;

 

天马彩票   (3)JINSHUGOUJIAHEDENGJUDEKEJIEJINLUOLUDAOTIJIJINSHURUANGUANDEJIEDI(PE)HUOJIELING(PEN)KEKAO,QIEYOUBIAOSHI。

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